*Website currently under construction. Please pardon our mess.
Click here for a list of enslaved workers.
William Randolph of Turkey Island was the beginning of the Randolph family here in America. He came to Virginia sometime in the 1670’s. Due to cheap land and fortunate opportunities, William acquired a large amount of property during his lifetime (including the land of Tuckahoe). Another way that an early settler could have acquired land was through the head-right system. This specified that if someone was willing to pay for a person’s passage by ship to America, they would receive a certain amount of land (usually 50 acres). We know that William Randolph was responsible for bringing a number of indentured servants and African Americans here through this system- over 168 total. William Randolph’s will of 1709 made mention of several enslaved workers by name however it is unknown exactly how many there were at the time.
Tax records from the later in the 1780’s provide us with more insight on slavery at Tuckahoe under the Randolphs. During this period, Tuckahoe was owned by Colonel Thomas Mann Randolph who listed close to 200 enslaved workers by name (though it is not clear if all of them would have worked specifically at Tuckahoe as the Randolphs owned a vast amount of land). After his death in 1793, his estate including his enslaved workers was sold off. There were 118 workers listed (including 14 infants) who would have been separated from their families and friends and sold to new owners.